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深海科学与工程研究所
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海洋生物生态与进化研究组

  中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所“海洋生物生态与进化研究组”受“知识创新工程前沿领域”等项目资助,于2013年12月成立,2015年获批三亚市海洋底栖生物多样性与资源保护重点实验室,主要开展海洋生物(特别是深海生物)的种类与分布、生物多样性、资源保护与利用、以及生物对极端环境的适应机制等方面的研究。 

  研究方向: 

  深海生物的种类、分布、及资源保护 

  深度超过6000米的深海区域称为海斗深渊(Hadal trench),占全球海域面积约1-2%,在海洋垂直梯度上占45%,已有研究表明那里栖息着稀有的生物种类。由于深海探测技术手段的限制,人类对在这个黑暗世界中所生存的生物知之甚少。我们将利用深海技术装备,开展深渊生物的种类分布、生物多样性、资源保护、及生态进化等方面的研究。通过传统形态学分类手段与分子生物技术(如DNA条形码)相结合,对所收集的相关物种进行鉴别; 对深海生物进行分子系统学研究,探讨深海特有物种的起源及进化机制;分析不同水层的深海生物种群的遗传结构,研究生物的迁移规律(基因流),推测深渊生物的进化历史。 

  生物对深海极端环境的适应机制 

  1977年,美国科学家在加拉帕格斯裂谷发现了第一个深海热液生态系统,及大量的生物种群,如管状蠕虫、贝、虾等,被誉为20世纪生物学和地球科学领域最重大的发现之一。生物在同一个热液区呈规律性的梯度分布:在近喷口处的高温区域(60~110℃),主要分布着嗜热菌和古菌;在稍远处温度为20~45℃的区域,则生活着嗜热的庞贝虫(Alvinella pompejana),它的耐温范围可高达80°C;而在距热液喷口较远的,温度为 2~15℃的区域,生物种类和数量则明显增多,常见的种类有管状蠕虫、贝类、虾类、蟹类等。这些生物是如何适应深海极端环境(高压、高温等)的?我们将开展不同生境下的比较生物学研究,采取原位观测以及室内观测(实验室高压培养)等手段,对深海和浅海生物在形态、生理、繁殖方式等方面进行比较,同时比较其在基因水平上的差异,研究生物对深海极端环境的适应机制,并探讨如何利用这些深海生物资源。 

  研究团队 

  张海滨,博士,研究员,博士生导师,学科带头人 

  刘合露,博士,副研究员 

  刘  君,博士,助理研究员 

  崔  丹,硕士,项目助理 

  博士研究生 

  孔  雪,博士研究生,2015年入学 

  穆文丹,博士研究生,2016年入学 

  李亚男,博士研究生,2016年入学 

  刘若愚,博士研究生,2017年入学 

  硕士研究生 

  蔡珊雅,硕士研究生,2014年入学 

  陈家炜,硕士研究生,2015年入学 

  梁林英,硕士研究生,2016年入学 

  杜侣佩,硕士研究生,2016年入学 

  承担科研项目: 

  国家重点研发计划项目子课题,张海滨,2017/07-2020/12 

  国家自然科学基金委面上项目,张海滨,2016/01-2018/12 

  国家自然科学基金委青年项目,刘合露,2017/01-2019/12 

  中国科学院先导专项B子课题,张海滨,2014/01-2018/12 

  中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所“知识创新工程领域前沿项目”,张海滨,2014/01-2016/12 

  中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所青年人才项目,刘合露,2014/10-2016/09 

  海南省自然基金面上项目,张海滨,2016/01-2018/12 

  海南省自然基金面上项目,刘君,2016/01-2017/12 

  海南省重大科技计划项目子课题,张海滨,2016/01-2018/12 

  海南省重大科技计划项目子课题,刘合露,2016/01-2018/12 

    

  近年来发表的主要学术论文: 

  Jun, Liu., Helu, Liu., Haibin, Zhang*. (2018) Phylogeny and evolutionary radiation of the marine mussels (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes[J]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 126, 233-240. 

  Liu, Jun., Zhang, Haibin* (2018) DNA barcoding for species identification in deep-sea clams (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae)[J]. Mitochondrial DNA Part A: 29. 

  Helu, Liu., Shanya, Cai., Jun, Liu., Haibin, Zhang.* (2018) Comparative mitochondrial genomic analyses of three chemosynthetic vesicomyid clams from deep-sea[J].  Ecology and Evolution. 2018;8: 7261–7272 

  Liu, Helu., Kong, Xue., Chen, Jiawei., Zhang, Haibin* (2018) De novo sequencing and transcriptome analysis of Stichopus horrens to reveal genes related to biosynthesis of triterpenoids[J]. Aquaculture, 491:358-367. 

  Xue, Kong., Helu, Liu., Haibin, Zhang*. (2018) Positive selection adaptation of two-domain arginine kinase (AK) from cold seep Vesicomyidae clams[J]. Molecular Biology Reports, 15. 

  Li, Yanan., Kong, Xue., Chen, Jiawei., Zhang, Haibin *. (2018) Characteristics of the Copper,Zinc Superoxide Dismutase of a Hadal Sea Cucumber (Paelopatides sp.) from the Mariana Trench[J]. Marine Drugs, 16(5):15. 

  Liu, Helu., Wang, Hui., Cai, Shanya., Zhang, Haibin*. (2017) A Novel omega 3-Desaturase in the Deep Sea Giant Tubeworm Riftia pachyptila[J]. Marine Biotechnology, 19(4):345-350. 

  Liu, Helu., Cai, Shanya., Zhang, Haibin.*, Vrijenhoek, Robert. (2016) Complete mitochondrial genome of hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena magnifica[J]. Mitochondrial DNA Part A, 27(6): 4333-4335. 

  Zhang, H.*, Johnson, S., Flores, V., & Vrijenhoek, R. (2015) Intergradation between discrete lineages of Tevnia jerichonana, a deep-sea hydrothermal vent tubeworm. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 121, 53-61. 

  Zhang, H.*, Geller, J. & Vrijenhoek, R. (2014) Genetic diversity in native and introduced populations of the amethyst gem clam Gemma gemma (Totten, 1834) from the U.S. east and west coasts. Biological Invasions, 16, 2725-2735. 

  Marti, M.E.*, Colonna, W.J., Patra, P., Zhang, H., Green, C., Reznik, G., Pynn, M., Jarrell, K., Nyman, J.A., Somasundaran, P., Glatz, C.E. & Lamsal, B.P. (2014) Production and characterization of microbial biosurfactants for potential use in oil-spill remediation. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 55, 31-39. 

  Zhang, H.* & Hare, M.P. (2012) Identifying and reducing AFLP genotyping error: an example of tradeoffs when comparing population structure in broadcast spawning versus brooding oysters. Heredity, 108, 616-625. 

  Zhang, H.*, Scarpa, J. & Hare, M.P. (2010) Differential Fertilization Success Between Two Populations of Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Biological Bulletin, 219, 142-150. 

  Zhang, H.., Liu, X., Zhang, G.F.* & Wang, C.D. (2008) Production of a base population and its responses to F-1 selection in the bay scallop, Argopecten irradians irradians Lamarck (1819). Aquaculture Research, 39, 913-918. 

  Zhang, H., Liu, X., Zhang, G.* & Wang, C. (2007a) Growth and survival of reciprocal crosses between two bay scallops, Argopecten irradians concentricus Say and A. irradians irradians Lamarck. Aquaculture, 272, S88-S93. 

  Qin, Y., Liu, X., Zhang, H. & Zhang, G*. (2007b) Effect of parental stock size on F-1 genetic structure in the bay scallop, Argopecten irradians (Lamarck, 1819). Aquaculture Research, 38, 174-181. 

  Qin, Y., Liu, X., Zhang, H., Zhang, G.* & Guo, X. (2007b) Genetic mapping of size-related quantitative trait loci (QTL) in the bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) using AFLP and microsatellite markers. Aquaculture, 272, 281-290. 

  Qin, Y., Liu, X., Zhang, H., Zhang, G.* & Guo, X. (2007c) Identification and mapping of amplified fragment length polymorphism markers linked to shell color in bay scallop, Argopecten irradians irradians (Lamarck, 1819). Marine Biotechnology, 9, 66-73. 

  Zhang, H., Liu, X., Zhang, G.F.* & Zhang, G.Z. (2005) Effects of effective population size on the F-2 growth and survival of bay scallop Argopecten irradians irradians (Lamarck). Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 24, 114-120. 

  Zhang, H., Liu, X., Zhang, G.F.* & Zhang, G.Z. (2005) Effects of effective population size (Ne) on the F1 growth and survival of Bay scallop Argopecten irradians. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 27(2): 177-180. (Chinese with English abstract) 

    

  学术会议: 

  Zhang, H., Johnson, S., Flores, V., & Vrijenhoek, R. Population connectivity of the hydrothermal vent tubeworm, Tevnia jerichonana, along the East Pacific Rise. The 3rd World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Oct 12-16, 2014, Qingdao, China. 

  Zhang, H. & Hare, M.P. Population genetic structure in crested oyster, Ostrea equestris along the east coast of Florida. 10th International Larval Biology Symposium, July 30-Augest 3, 2013, Berkeley, California, USA. 

  Zhang, H. & Nyman, J. Acute toxicity of Surfactin, FA-Glu and COREXIT to larvae of Gulf killifish, Fundulus grandis. 21st Biennial Conference of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation, Nov 6-10, 2011, Daytona Beach, Florida, USA 

  Zhang, H. & Hare, M.P. Gene flow and genetic diversity compared between a broadcast spawning and brooding oyster using AFLP data. Evolution conference, June 25-29, 2010, Portland, Oregon, USA 

  Zhang, H., Scarpa, J. & Hare, M.P. A test for prezygotic barriers to hybridization between oysters across a genetic step cline. Evolution conference, June 12-16, 2009, Moscow, Idaho, USA 

  Zhang, H., Liu, X., Zhang, G. & Wang, C. Growth and survival of reciprocal crosses between two bay scallops, Agropecten irradians concentricus Say and Argopecten irradians irradians Lamarck. IX International Symposium Genetics in Aquaculture, 2006, p113. 

  Zhang, H., Liu, X., Zhang, G. & Wang, C. Combining ability in larval growth of bay scallop Argopecten irradians irradians breeding lines. IX International Congress on Medical and Applied Malacology, 2006, p34 

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